Shortly after the adoption of the law “On the sovereign Internet”, the Ministry of Communications and Mass Communications published an explanation of the upcoming reform of the domestic segment of the global network. These provisions primarily affected the terrestrial telecom operators – but later the ministry submitted a separate document to the government regarding the regulation of satellite providers under the jurisdiction of foreign states.
According to the text of the bill, published on the portal of regulatory legal acts, Russian telecom operators will be required to include foreign satellite systems in the Russian segments with the ability to control traffic that will have to pass through the gateway station of the domestic telecom operator. Accounting shall include information on subscriber devices operating in the Russian segment of foreign satellite communications systems and personal data of Russian subscribers.
"Violation of the rules for using satellite communications networks in the territory of the Russian Federation under foreign jurisdiction, including the failure of the Russian telecommunications operator using a foreign system of mobile personal satellite communications to form the Russian segment of such a system and ensure management of this segment from the territory of the Russian Federation and responsibilities for traffic transmission, formed by subscriber stations (terminals) in the territory of the Russian Federation, entails the imposition of an administrative fine, ”reads the text of the document.
Regulate the use of foreign satellite systems in the country will be the State Commission on Radio Frequencies. Authorities and law enforcement agencies, including the Ministry of Defense, will be able to use them only in exceptional cases – for example, if it is not possible to resort to domestic counterparts.
For non-compliance with the rules for the use of foreign satellite communications networks, fines of between 10 and 30 thousand rubles are provided for officials, from 70 to 200 thousand for individual entrepreneurs, and from 500 thousand to 1 million rubles for legal entities.
Last month, the American company SpaceX launched a global network of Internet satellites and launched 60 test satellites into space. Over the next few years, it is expected that their number will increase to approximately 12,000. The British OneWeb, which plans to launch 700 satellites into orbit, also announced plans to provide access to the network throughout the Earth.